Civil War Confederate Major General. He graduated from West Point in 1842, was commissioned an officer in the Army Corps of Engineers and served in the Mexican American War. After the war, he resigned his commission and became a civil engineer in New York City. At the start of the Civil War, he volunteered his serves to the Confederate Army and was commissioned Major General in command of the Northern Virginia, in September, 1861. He fought in the Battle of Seven Pines, the Peninsula Campaign and headed the Department of Richmond until January, 1863. In June, 1864, he was appointed Major General of the Georgia State Militia and commanded its first division to the end of the war. After the war, he become an iron manufacturer and served as the Kentucky Insurance Commissioner.